Orthodontic Hardware & Types of Appliances

Orthodontic Hardware and Types of Appliances

A Wide Range of Orthodontic Hardware and Appliances

Elastics
Wearing elastics (or rubber bands) improves the fit of your upper and lower teeth. Wear rubber bands as instructed and remember that the rubber bands work far more efficiently if they're worn as prescribed.

Headgear
Headgear is used to treat patients whose teeth are in an overbite, with the upper jaw forward of the lower jaw or an underbite with the lower jaw forward of the upper jaw. Headgear gently pulls on your teeth to restrict further forward growth of your upper teeth and jaw.

Herbst appliance
The Herbst appliance reduces overbite by encouraging the lower jaw forward and the upper molars backward. This fixed appliance is used mostly for younger, growing children and is worn for about 12-15 months.

Positioners
Positioners complete the final tooth movements in your orthodontic treatment. With your full cooperation, you should only need to wear the positioner appliance for 4-8 weeks.

Rapid palatal expander
The palatal expander expands (or widens) your upper jaw by putting gentle pressure on your upper molars each time an adjustment is made. Your orthodontist will instruct you about when and how to adjust your expander. When you achieve the desired expansion, you'll wear the appliance for several months to solidify the expansion and to prevent regression.

Retainers 
Retainers may be removable or fixed. They hold your teeth in their new, correct positions after your teeth have been straightened. Your orthodontist will instruct you on how to care for your retainer and about the duration of the wear. Wearing your retainer as directed is crucial to prevent regression of your treatment.

Separators
Separators are little rubber doughnuts that may be placed between your teeth to push them apart so that orthodontic bands may be placed during your next appointment. The separators will be removed before we place the bands. Separators don't mix well with sticky foods, toothpicks, or floss.

Space maintainer
A space maintainer is a device to keep a space open where a baby tooth has fallen out too soon. Baby teeth may have been knocked out or lost in some kind of accident, lost from tooth decay or might have been missing since birth. Space maintainers can preserve the space to help prevent abnormal movement of the other teeth in relation to that space.
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